Granada, Spain

We drove through the dry plains of  La Mancha, before crossing the Sierra Nevada to reach Granada, capital of the Moorish Kingdom of Spain until the Moors’ defeat in 1492. Granada is the capital city of the province of the same name, located in south eastern Spain between the shores of the Mediterranean and the Andalusian hinterland. The city is located at the foot of Sierra Nevada, the highest mountain range of the Iberian peninsula.  On 2 January 1492, after eight months of siege, the conquering Catholic Monarchs, Isabel and Fernando, entered Granada ceremonially in Muslim dress finishing the Christian Reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula. They set up court in the Alhambra for several years. During the siege of the city, Queen Isabella received Christopher Columbus and granted him the means in order to embark on his trip to the West Indies.  We visited the Alhambra Palace, a World Heritage site, built as a citadel by the Moors in the 13th century. We also visited the water gardens of the Generalife, the royal summer residence and saw the fine views over the town.  As a curiosity, our guide was asked the meaning of Alhambra.  In Spanish it is known as El Alhambra.The El and the Al in Alhambra both mean “the”. The word hamra was an arabic word meaning red, the colour of the palace.  The “b” was added for easier pronunciation. Hence he said it means “the the b red!”   There is much to be read  about the history of Granada and the architecture of the Alhambra. There is more to be seen in the city. However, we continued on to Seville which I will cover in a separate post.  I include photos of the palace and gardens and views of  the city and hills.

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